Leindler, Milán - Semmelweis University, Ph.D. Student, Mental Health program
Kuslits, Kata - Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church - Student
Pünkösti, Noémi - Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church - Student
Alexandra, Kaszás - Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church - Student
Emese, Mátyási - Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church - Student
Kristofóri, Dóra - Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church - Student
Examining body image and eating disorders is becoming more and more relevant. The spectrum of symptoms shifts towards body image disturbances, while the occurrence of such diseases increases. Correcting body image is more important than ever since the growing effect of the media contributes to a negative self-evaluation and body image. Body image measures do not keep pace with the achievements of modern science, many opportunities remain untouched.
The goal of this study is to evaluate the applicability of a 3D modelling program, the DAZ Studio on the field of body image measurement. We aim to verify that the software is capable of measuring the attitude component of body image, the extent and direction of the discrepancy between perceived and ideal body image.
Using the DAZ Studio, participants create two figures: the perceived self, then the ideal self. For the purpose of validation, the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Big Five Inventory and the Fallon-Rozin tests were used. These tests measured the participants self-evaluation, anxiety, and their attitude towards their body.
Our sample consisted of 73 women (average age: 28,3 years, SD: 10.8 years). We found significant correlation between the difference of the two figures and the relevant scales of EDI. We observed a weak correlation (r=0.272, p=0.02) with the drive for thinness scale and a strong correlation (r=0.521, p<0.001) with the body dissatisfaction scale. Under the age of 24, these values were higher (r=0.454, p=0.03 and r=0.639, p<0.001, respectively). No significant association was found with anxiety.
The DAZ Studio software can be applied to measure the attitude component of body image. It is able to determine the discrepancy between ideal and perceived body image, which is informative in the diagnostic process. The results show a stronger correlation regarding the younger sub-sample.
Leindler, Milán, Ph.D. Student, Mental Health sciences, 4/2 program.
Supervisor: Ferenc Túry