Dr. Dániel Kulin1,2,3, Dr. Bertalan Meskó2,3, Dr. Zsuzsa Győrffy 2,3
1 Semmelweis Univerity, Department of Family Medicine, Budapest, 2 The Medical Futurist Institute, Budapest, 3 Semmelweis University, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Budapest
Introduction: Digital health infiltrates the practices of general practitioners worldwide. Both physicians and patients are having difficulties with the implementation of new technologies in medicine, and their consequences affecting the doctor-patient relationship.
Aims: To assess the attitude and knowledge of general practitioners towards digital health in a pilot study as a foundation fora more comprehensive research.
Methods: Globally distributed online survey with 43 items, convenience sampling. The survey was published through the online channels of The Medical Futurist website and in the network of the European General Practice Research Network (EGPRN).
Results: The valid respondents (n=183) use social media the most (73,2%), followed by smartphone applications (59,5%). Their greatest desire is to use portable diagnostic devices (71,0%) and health sensors (68,9%). Technology availability (72,9%), experience (76,5%), evidence-based guidelines and data security (62,3%) are the most significant barriers in the use of digital health. Possible positive effects of digital health are engaging patients more in their treatment (65,6%), faster access to care for patients (64,5%). Negative effects are patients misinterpreting their results (69,9%), extra expenses for the practice (50,8%), overdiagnosis (48,6%) and increased administrative burden (44,3%). Patient desires experienced by doctors: use of email (78,7%), trusted medical information online (76,0%), sharing of medical documentation online (61,7%). Digital health usage is inevitable in the future (70%), but the transformation of the doctor-patient relationship is not an evident consequence for most respondents.
Conclusion: Our study may represent an open-minded subpopulation of the general practitioners globally. Even this group uses only a portion of the wide spectrum of digital health. The main reasons could be the unavailability of technology and the lack of evidences. It is needed to establish organizations to help the implementation of digital health to healthcare.
Doctoral School: 4. Mental Health Sciences
Program: 02. Mental Health Sciences
Supervisor: Zsuzsa Győrffy