PhD Scientific Days 2018

Budapest, April 19–20, 2018

Perceived stress and mental health conditions among minority students in medical universities in Hungary

Szél, Zsuzsanna

Zsuzsanna Szél1, MD, ZsuzsaGyőrffy1, PhD,

1 Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest

Language of the presentation

Hungarian

Text of the abstract

Introduction
Medical professionals’ health and burn-out are important issues of today’s medicine. Previous researches suggested that minority doctors and students are more exposed to risk of mental and physical health problems and also more affected by discrimination at workplace or university.

Methods
An online questionnaire among medical students of the 4 Hungarian medical universities (n=530). The survey contained questions about general demographic data, health behaviour, mental and physical health issues (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI], Maslach Burnout Inventory [MBI], Perceived Stress Scale [PSS], Patient Health Questionnaire [PHQ], Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support [MSPSS], Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale [CD-RISC] and WHO Well-Being 5 Questionnaire [WB5]), willingness of migration and perceived discrimination. Collected data was weighted in 3 dimensions before analysis.

Results
29.6% of students self-identified as members of minority. Students who reported belonging to any minority groups – ethnical, racial, religious, sexual, gender or disabled minority – experienced discrimination significantly (p< 0.001) more often compared to students who do not. Our results showed that minority students reached significantly higher scores on STAI-S (47.6 vs 45.1, p = 0.014), MBI (42.4 vs 47.5, p< 0.001), PSS (21.9 vs 19.6, p< 0.001) and PHQ (10.4 vs 9.7, p = 0.024), furthermore they earned significantly lower scores on MSPSS (5.4 vs 5.9, p< 0.001), CD-RISC (26.6 vs 28.7, p< 0.001) and WB5 (6.9 vs 7.6, p = 0.029) questionnaires. Moreover, they reported higher incidence of smoking (27.8% vs 16.3%, p< = 0.01) and using psychopharmacologic drugs (28.4% vs 17.3%, p< 0.001).

Conclusion
Our research suggests that minority medical students have poorer mental and physical health, higher risk for burnout and less favourable health behaviour. The presence of minority students’ and doctors’ is essential in shaping prejudices and attitudes toward minority patients, therefore decreasing discrimination and establishing a more inclusive health service for everybody.

Data of the presenter

Doctoral School: Mental Health Sciences
Program: Mental Health Sciences
Supervisor: Zsuzsa Győrffy
E-mail address: szel.zsuzsanna@phd.semmelweis-univ.hu
poster presentation