PhD Scientific Days 2018

Budapest, April 19–20, 2018

Challenges and opportunities for elderly people’s day care services in the light of growing and changing needs

Vajda, Kinga Katalin

Kinga Katalin Vajda
Semmelweis University
School of Ph.D. Studies

Language of the presentation


Text of the abstract

In the past few decades ageing become a serious global question, that is waiting for solution. The phenomena concerns not just developed countries but it is also increasingly affecting developing countries too. The changing tendencies raise issues like sustainability of current social systems; provision of decent, needs-based services for the elderly citizens.
The concept of active aging and its incorporation into services is one of the optional solutions.

Evaluate in every Hungarian region the current situation of elderly clients participating in day care. Observe that beyond the demographic variables what kind of skills, abilities, other variables characterize them. According to their own opinion how independent, autonomous are they, what kind of resources support them in the realization of active ageing?

A quantitative research is used based on an anonymously filled in questionnaire by clients of governmental institutions in the 7 regional centers. Creating the questionnaire I followed methods of questionnaires that were used by the Active Ageing Index (Zaidi et. al, 2015) and other former sources.

397 participants took part in the research among them 35% was 75-83 years old, 32% of them was 66-74 years old. 73% of the sample was woman. More than half of the sample were widows, only 15% lived in marriage. From 5 questions regarding to mental health and wellbeing a new variable, satisfaction was made with principle component analysis. Satisfaction was the highest in Central Hungarian region. Examined by one-way ANOVA it has got a strong connection to number of confidant ties.

Formerly recognized east-west differences is getting change and show a more capital-country diversification. Strengthen the preventive aspect of this service and take in not only widows but other potential clients could be the key points of service development.

Data of the presenter

Doctoral School: Mental Health Sciences
Program: Sociological and mental health approaches to resources
for individuals and communities
Supervisor: Dr. Zsuzsa Széman