PhD Scientific Days 2018

Budapest, April 19–20, 2018

Efficacy of iFightDepression online self-help tool in mild forms of depression

Varga, Anna

1. Varga Anna, Semmelweis University, department of Behavioral Science
2.Dr. Purebl György, Semmelweis University, department of Behavioral Science

Language of the presentation

Hungarian

Text of the abstract

Introduction: Depression is one of the most known mental disorder that has great impact on disability and economic costs. Online psychological interventions may represent a cost-effective alternative to treatment of mild or moderate depressive symptoms and may reach a large population.
Aims: The aim of the current randomized controlled trial was to assess the efficacy of the iFightDepression internet-based self- management tool for mild to moderate depression as an add-on to treatment as usual.
Method: A sample of N=210 participants with mild or moderate depression was recruited at different mental-health and primary care facilities in Hungary between March 1, 2017 and March 4, 2018. Patients were randomly assigned to 3 parallel intervention groups: a) treatment as usual (TAU) + 6 week-protocol of iFightDepression tool (iFD) + weekly motivational phone calls from a professional regarding the self-help tool, b) TAU + 6 week-protocol of iFD, c) TAU. Interventions lasted for 6 weeks and there was a
6 weeks follow up. The primary outcome measure is changes in depressive symptoms assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale and PHQ-9. Additionally, pre-post interventions assessments has included socio-demographic data, a brief medical and clinical history, self-reported measures of depressive symptoms and satisfaction with the iFD tool.
Results: 72 participants were allocated to TAU + iFD + weekly phone calls (mean age 42.3 years, 68.9% female). 67 patients were assigned to TAU + iFightDepression (mean age 45.2 years, 59.6% female). 71 patients participated in TAU (mean age 48.6 years, 54.7% female). 194 patients (94%, TAU+iFD+phone n=68; TAU+iFD n=61; TAU n=65) were assessed after intervention and 174 (83%, TAU+iFD+phone n=61; TAU+iFD n=60; TAU n=53) were assessed at the 6 month follow-up point.
Conclusion: Low-intensity psychological interventions could be a cost-effective therapeutic option for depression treatment and could increase the efficacy of conventional treatment.

Data of the presenter

Doctoral School: Mental Health Sciences
Program: Mental Health Sciences
Supervisor: Gyorgy Purebl
E-mail address: anna.varga@comitel.hu