Júlia Moldvai, Mercédesz Orsós
Semmelweis University, Department of Community Dentistry, Budapest
Introduction: More than 1 billion people in the world live with some form of disability. According to the 2011 census in Hungary their number can be around 500.000. These people are considered as a vulnerable group even from a dental point of view, since the loss of function makes regular oral hygienic routine and dentistry control more difficult.
Aim: In 2015 The Department of Community Dentistry and The National Institute of Medical Rehabilitation started to operate together a dental office. A total of 608 patients have gone through a full dental examination including a stomato-oncological screening. From this we gathered comprehensive information on patient’s oral health currently undergoing rehabilitation and living with disabilities and how this may affect their underlying disease.
Method: This study was approved by the Medical Research Council. The clinical examination were done by the recommendation of WHO. We analyzed the DMF-T values, restorative index, periodontal status and lesions of the oral mucosa. From a survey of 20 question we asked about oral hygiene practices, toothbrushing frequency, last visit to a dentist, eating habits, addictions and social background.
Results: The patients had poor oral hygiene. The female patient’s results were better than those of the male. The number of lost teeth are high, but the prosthetic care is not satisfying. The DMF-T value were 20,5, from this D-T=2,6, M-T=11,2, F-T=6,7. Their complaints about dental and oral mucosal lesions are minimal compared to their general dental condition. A majority of them have not experienced toothaches in the last 12 months. The last dental checkup in the case of most patients exceeds 12 months.
Conclusion: All of the values are worse than the average Hungarian population. Their oral hygiene is poor since the daily oral hygiene routine and care in practice is not solved for these patients.
Doctoral School: Clinical Medicine
Program: Head and neck diseases including oral science
Supervisor: Orsolya Németh
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org