PhD Scientific Days 2018

Budapest, April 19–20, 2018

Impulsivity and observed stress, as a risk factor of the probability of suicide in law enforcement institutes

Pató, Irina

Pató Irina12, Perczel -Forintos Dóra3
Sopronkőhida Strict and Medium Regime Prison1
Semmelweis University, Doctorate School of Mental Health Sciences2
Semmelweis University, Faculuty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Psychology3

Language of the presentation


Text of the abstract

In our country, based on statistics the importance of suicidal prevention is espiecially high, as we are ranked on the second place in Europe and also according to 2014 data from WHO, ranked sixth wordlwide when it comes to completed suicides, with a proportion of 19/100.000. It is also know that the number of attempts are six times higher. The topic of suicide and self harm is handled with high priority by law enforcement bodies in Hungary.
One of the most powerful reasons of self harm in prisons is impulsive tension channelling. The execution and intesity of such an act is not driven by rationality, thus it can have lethal consequences as well.

It is known that a really strong predictor of suicidal intention is a negative cognitive structure and hopelessness. Further factors of risk are lack of ability to solve problems, which is the underlying reason of hopelessness, furthermore, impulsivity, which can be observed in a significant subgroup of suicidal tendencies.

The aims of our reasearch is to measure the correlation of impulsivity, emotional setting and problem solving abilities in a particularly high risk environment, among prisoners where temper management is a serious issue.

Participators: 138 convicted inmates held in law enforcement institutes and 168 general volunteers from the population of the Hungarian society.

Type of examination: paper-based amd online data processing

Tools for measurement: Beck Depression Scale, short (BDI-R), Beck Hopelessness Scale, short (BHS-R), Means-End ProblemSolvingInventory (MEPS), Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSS4), Barratt Impulsiveness Questionnaire (BIS-8), Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ).

According to our hypothesis, impulsitvity, observed stress, suicidal endagerement and suicide attempts are way higher (1) in case of convicted individuals than in the general population. (2) Also in case of the convicted ones the ability to solve probelms is low and non-adaptive strategies are more dominant. (3) The high level of impuslivity is in a negative correlation with problem solving abilities and adaptive emotional setting. (4) The high level of impulsivity is in a positive correlation with the non-adaptive emotional setting strategies. (5) High impulisivity comes hand in hand with weak problem solving abilities and is lacking adaptive emotional setting techniques and as a result the observed stress is way higher which feeds suicidal endanegerement.

Results: during the course of our research it became clearthat among convicted individuals the level of impusivity and observed stress is higher which contributes to blocking problem solving abilities, which has a significant role in high suicidal endangerement. We will present the results in detail in our upcoming presentation.