PhD Scientific Days 2023

Budapest, 22-23 June 2023

Mental Health Sciences - Posters N

The Hungarian version of the extended Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory

1 Laszlo Gruz, Semmelweis University, Doctoral School of Mental Health Sciences, Budapest
2 Prof. Dr. Zsolt Unoka, Semmelweis University, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Budapest

Text of the abstract

Introduction: We organize our personal experiences in the past, present or future time categories. The present research is based on the assumption of Zimbardo and Boyd (1999), according to which every person has a dominant time category. Zimbardo and Boyd (1999) identified five time perspectives; they distinguish past-positive, past-negative, present-hedonistic, present-fatalistic, and future-oriented time perspectives. Carelli, Wiberg and Wiberg (2011) developed the sixth, negative-future time category. This inventory has been widely used in research and clinical settings to better understand individuals' temporal orientation and how it may relate to various psychological outcomes.
Aims: Our aim is to validate the extended Zimbardo Time Perspective scale into Hungarian and to undermine the mental health of our sample.
Methods: We worked with the short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), a short version of the Symptom Check List (SCL-27) and with The Level of Personality Functioning Scale-Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS–BF: 2.0) to examine the connection between the negative-future scale and some mental health variable. Life Oriented Test (LOT-R) and the short version of the Mental Health Continuum (MHC-SF) were used to examine convergent and discriminant validity. Our online questionnaire was filled out by 273 participant, 202 women and 71 men.
Result: The negative-future scale correlated with the Symptom Check List’s global index (r=0,657, p‹0,001), with the Mental Health Continuum (r=-0,456, p‹0,001) with the DASS depression scale (r=0,615, p‹0,001), with the anxiety scale (r=0,569, p‹0,001) and with the stress scale (r=0,586, p‹0,001).
Conclusion: The negative-future time orientation is in connection with various mental health variable. The discriminant and convergent validity of Hungarian version of the scale seems to be valid.