PhD Scientific Days 2024

Budapest, 9-10 July 2024

Poster Session I - Neurosciences 2.

Fine Movement Analysis for the Early Recognition of Cognitive Decline

Author(s)

Dalida Borbala Berente1, Gergely Hanczar2, Bence Borbely3, Agnes Chripko3, Anett Novak1, Dora Korosi1, Gabor Benyei1, Andras Attila Horvath1, Anita Kamondi1
1: Nyírő Gyula National Institute of Psychiatry, and Addictology, Neurocognitive Research Center, Budapest, Hungary
2: Cursor Insight, Head Of Research & Development, London, United Kingdom
3: Cursor Insight, Research, London, United Kingdom

Text of the abstract

Introduction: Widely available screening methods for large patient population with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its prodromal phase, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), are not currently available. However, AD is the most common cause of major neurocognitive disorders (NCDs) in the elderly; thus, the development of early screening methods is crucial.
Aims: In this study, we aimed to develop a fine movement analysis system for MCI screening, that is objective, easy to use, sensitive and specific to early-stage cognitive decline, and widely available in clinical settings.
Methods: 86 subjects (mean age=67.2±8.8 years) participated in this study, 78 healthy controls, 5 patients with clinically defined MCI, and 3 patients with AD. They underwent comprehensive neurological and neuropsychological evaluation and MRI acquisition. The participants completed a fine movement analysis paradigm consisting of a digitalized version of the Archimedes spiral, the Trail-Making Test (TMT), and the Benson Complex Figure, among others. The predictive power of fine movement parameters in distinguishing patients with different types and stages of cognitive decline was analysed.
Results: Preliminary results showed that Benson Complex Figure had the highest sensitivity (80.0±20.1) and specificity (82.7±13.3), followed by TMT (sensitivity=81.9±21.9, specificity=61.1±24.2) and Archimedes spiral (sensitivity=79.1±22.9, specificity= 64.8±20.6) tasks, in distinguishing between different patient groups with cognitive decline.
Conclusion: Based on our results, fine movement analysis might serve a screening purpose, as our paradigm shows promising potential for the early recognition of cognitive decline. Our findings are promising for the future development of an automatic, digital screening method for MCI. However, one should refrain from drawing firm conclusions because of the limited number of patients involved, thus, we need to increase the number of patients involved in the study.
Funding: Supported by the ÚNKP-23-3-II-SE-98 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry for Culture and Innovation from the source of the National Research, Development and Innovation Fund; Development of scientific workshops in medical, health sciences and pharmacy training (EFOP-3.6.3-VEKOP-16-2017-00009); SE 250+ Excellence Scholarship; National Brain Research Program III (NAP2022-I-9/2022)