PO_I_L: Pathology and Oncology I. Lectures
Éva Kocsmár1, Marlene Schmid2,3, Ildikó Kocsmár1, Miguel Cosenza-Contreras2,3, Melanie Föll2,3, Gergely Rácz4, András Kiss1, Martin Werner2,3,5, Peter Bronsert2,3,5, Gábor Lotz1, Oliver Schilling2,3,5
1 2nd Department of Pathology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
2 Institute of Surgical Pathology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Breisacher Straße 115a, 79106 Freiburg, Germany.
3 Faculty of Medicine - University of Freiburg, Breisacher Straße 153, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
4 1st Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
5 German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) and Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Hugstetter Straße 55, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Protein degradation is one of the major processes in tissue decomposition after death. Comprehensive analyses of changes in the composition of proteins using high resolution mass spectrometry-based (MS) proteomics might provide insight into decomposition processes according to the post-mortem time interval (PTI). Here we describe the complex mechanism of protein degradation in human autopsy samples of the liver, kidney and lung.
Our aim is to find the diagnostically relevant PTI-dependent dynamics of protein decomposition in the most frequently stored tissues at routine autopsy procedures.
Patients were selected with predefined PTI (6-12-18-24-48-72-96 hours) and lack of specific diseases affecting the investigated organs. Tissue samples were immediately snap-frozen and processed for liquid chromatography-tandem MS with label-free quantification. Dynamic changes of the mass-composition were quantified in 1 µg proteome of each sample. Stable and unstable proteins were analyzed with the Gene Ontology (GO) and Reactome databases.
While PTI has only minor impact on the proteome coverage, pairwise-comparisons to the reference 6h-PTI revealed significant changes in the mass-composition after 24h PTI in liver and kidney samples and after 48h PTI in lung samples.
Dynamic changes in representation of proteins in the mass-composition were different in the investigated organs. The cytoskeletal proteins in kidney tissue remained stable at the increasing time intervals whereas certain RNA-related regulators and plasma membrane associated proteins became underrepresented. In the liver, proteins of the RNA and DNA binding proteins became underrepresented while oxidoreductases and electron transfer-related proteins accumulated with the time. Contrary to the liver and kidney, proportion of the adenyl-nucleotide-related proteins (adenylyltransferases and ATPases) decreased while extracellular matrix proteins increased with the time in the mass-composition.
Understanding the biology behind the PTI-dependent changes of the proteome offers breathtaking opportunities for diagnostic and therapeutic improvements and paves the way for reliable protein-based diagnostics on human autopsy tissue samples.
New National Excellence Program (ÚNKP-20-3-II-SE-36); Semmelweis 250+ (EFOP-3.6.3-VEKOP-16-2017-00009)
Semmelweis University, Doctoral School of Pathological Sciences